Ante Ciliga – pronounced “Tsiliga” – became famous to the point of becoming the emblem of the opposition to Stalinism and to “the Bolshevik system” of state. ANTE CILIGA. It is with an extreme discretion that the French press (Le Monde, October 28, ), announced, in some poor lines, the death of Ante Ciliga. The file was just too big and I can’t seem to compress it without losing quality, so I posted it on : The Russian Enigma – Ante Ciliga.

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Another homonymy, that of Ante Pavelic: I say to me: Finally, the Yugoslav CP which had played all on the elections lost all: Later, inhe printed his first great work, Au Pays de gran mensonge In the Land of the Great Lie in French, which was among the first books to inform the Western world of Stalinist mass terror. A “Committee of the Yugoslav journalists in exile”, affirmed in a French leaflet Paris, April 22, that “while Ciliga was in Soviet Russia, he was excluded from the Yugoslav party under the double charge to have belonged to the Trotskyist group and to have served the Yugoslav secret police.

In the final analysis, antr the hidden life of Ciliga, that of the underground of the Croatian emigration, was that of a Croatian patriot, marked by a whole policy “frontist”, having broken in practice with its old communist convictions and internationalists.

A tendency directed by professors Solnstsev, Iakovin and Stopalov. Enjoying a certain notoriety as Croatian social democrat politician, Ciliga tried to be elected in at the congress-assembly of the Croatian national Council HNV – Hrvatsko Narodno Vijece ; in vain since he obtained only half of the voices required to be nominee With the peasants of his native district, he organised an armed resistance against the Fascist bands ciligx.

Ante Ciliga

Given to the Fascist police and put in prison because of the armed action, he was released, as well as the peasants who with him had resisted the squadristithanks to a providential amnesty.


Inhe cut off any link with Marxism and the labor movement.

Having finished his book on Siberia, land of exile and industrialisationin AugustCiliga – as Ulysses – returned in his “Croatian fatherland”, animated by a patriotism which had hardly left him since his youth.

High bodies of the Comintern also underlined that the CPY had been the victim and of its sluggishness and its opportunism. Indeed, a series of such incidents had occurred, beginning in Bulgaria in and repeated in Poland, China, and other places.

The Russian Enigma – Ante Ciliga

This one – of course – must be corrected according to the facts and archives we have. The analysis of the balancesheet of the political forces in Verkhne Uralsk was confirmed by the letter of two “orthodox” Trotskyists of this prison T.

As a former member of the communist movement and a dissident who had ahte into a hard-core anticommunist, he was branded a political enemy of the regime in Yugoslavia.

Well more he called for a united Front with a party that the Comintern at its beginnings would have described as a Bourgeois party Already, recognised leader, at the top of the Party, he proposed in Borba “the Fight ” a radical “counter-project “: At 19, Ciliga was undergoing military service in the Austro-Hungarian forces when the Russian democratic revolution of February took place.

In an article, he denounced the slavery of 9 million not-Serbs subjected to the dominant, strong Serb nation despite of its 3 million inhabitants Au Pays … translated into English and published as The Russian Enigmacannot be capsulized; it must be read in full to absorb its full significance.

Dingelstedt all were shot in camps, in particular in Vorkhuta.

The Russian Enigma – Ante Ciliga

But it was for once more putting ahead a nationalist solution, the creation of a Ciligx State, certainly inserted in “a Confederation of 6 sovereign national States ” He had initially refused in May to form part of a Croatian delegation to take part in the European antibolshevik ciiga that Goebbels prepared in Vienna.

La crisi di stato nella Jugoslavia di TitoED. It is interesting to stress that, while speaking about “a federation of Workers and Peasants governments” – watchword of the Comintern – Ciliga judged that the Serb-Croatian quarrel was a quarrel between two separate nations and two capitalisms.


He became prominent, in this period, in the political life of the Croat diaspora.

Ante Ciliga Archive

Vera Vucicevic had lived in Sarajevo, and she often discussed Bosnian problems with him; he remained fascinated by the region. Coming from a family of Croat peasants, his grandfather shared with the young boy “the interest which he showed in Croatian culture and in the struggles for national emancipation directed against the urban Antw bourgeoisie and the Germano-Austrian administration”.

Kirov in and a brief period in the same prison through which Ciliga passed, at Verkhneuralsk. After the German occupation of France, in December he departed for the Independent State of Croatia, where he was interned in the Jasenovac camp because of his suspect communist biography. Gramsci, member of the Office of Vienna, noted in that Radic was a crafty, skilful politician, and expert in the compromises, but unable to be a strategist p.

For the articles of Ciliga in Sotsialisticeskij vestnikin andcf. Djuro DjakovicCroat like Ciliga, had followed the courses nate the Lenin School in The left-wing fraction had formerly recommended ciliya the problem of nationalities in the interests of the revolution. The woman of Tito, of Russian origin, Pelagija, was stopped under her eyes. In the late s the Croat Communists invited him back, and he could have lived well, but he remained in Rome where he was free to write.

He edited and wrote for Borbathe official publication of the Communist Party of Yugoslaviain which he debated with Serbian communists about the national question in Yugoslavia, advocating a federalist solution. A circle where reigned large disorientation: Creator at Ante Ciliga Ate. Consequently, he recommended “the separation of Croatia, Slovenia and Montenegro of the framework of Yugoslavia and their constitution in independent republics “