Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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Pit viper envenomation in pregnancy: A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa Colubridae and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African echjs. Phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis Squamata: Washington, District of Columbia: Habits Terrestrial, nocturnal and crepuscular although sometimes found in low bushes to avoid the heat.

Echis ocellatus – Wikipedia

To optimize resources, health facilities should be designated and stocked year-round with the relevant antivenoms to care for victims in high risk areas like the Benue and Niger valleys and the West African savanna. Myotoxicity Does not occur, based on echid clinical evidence.

There are also reports of single specimens found in the Bangui in the Central African Republicand in central Sudan. Ocellatux doses may be required. The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom.


She achieved restoration of WBCT20 1 day after admission and was transfused with a pint of fresh whole blood, after which she immediately and spontaneously delivered a stillbirth. Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site.

Severe swelling up to knee joint; bleeding at bite site. The saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis ocellatus has proved to be the most important cause of snakebite mortality and morbidity in the region. Unscrupulous marketing of snake bite antivenoms in Africa and Papua New Guinea: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus

Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Snakes that bite the patients were identified when killed and brought to hospital or by incoagulable blood using the simple min whole blood clotting test [WBCT20] which is diagnostic of carpet viper in this part of Nigeria Meyer et al.

She was treated by a traditional herbalist for 6 days and had vomited several times after ingesting concoctions. Local Effects Marked local ehis pain, severe swelling, bruising, blistering, necrosis. Of our patients with favourable outcomes eight were treated within 1 day of the bite and one within 2 days.

New England Journal ecis Medicine.

Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. Contiguo a la plaza de deportes, Dulce Nombre de Coronado. Venomous Snakes of Africa – Giftschlangen Afrikas.

Echis ocellatus | The Reptile Database

Envenoming due to snake ovellatus during pregnancy. The report describes successful management of 10 women in 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters with EchiTab IgG antivenom after carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming.


See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ocellqtus Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex, 24 pp. These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.

The snakes of Mali. Seek urgent medical attention. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Bitten by CV on left foot; 6 day before presentation. Table I Characteristics, presentation and management of 10 pregnant women bitten by carpet viper.

West African Carpet Viper

Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol vitamin C. Head scales are keeled. The main clinical features of E. Local Necrosis Common, moderate to severe.

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