Anthroposophie in Deutschland: Theosophische Weltanschauung und gesellschaftliche Praxis Helmut Zander: Books. Anthroposophie in Deutschland: theosophische Weltanschauung und gesellschaftliche Praxis Front Cover. Helmut Zander. Vandenhoeck und. The book Anthroposophie in Deutschland bears the characteristics of a political broadside by means of which the opponents – in this case Rudolf Steiner and.

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The pedagogical model that Steiner dutschland was explicitly teacher-centered, not student-centered, with pronounced authoritarian tendencies. A activation email has been sent to you. One conspicuous aggravating factor is Zander’s examination of the interaction of ideas and institutions; rather than viewing Steiner’s ideological production as free-floating, disembodied missives from the higher worlds, the book investigates the ways these ideas were embedded in institutional conflicts, power struggles, contemporary debates, and so forth.

The book includes a detailed discussion of other branches of Theosophy as well, based on extensive archival research, which will be of great value for scholars whose primary interest lies outside of anthroposophy proper. Zander patiently dismantles each of these notions, in the process restoring Steiner’s human character and placing his shifting ideas into their historical environment.

Beginning with a detailed reconstruction of Steiner’s intellectual itinerary from the s onward, the book traces his development from modest origins on the Austrian periphery through his studies in the natural sciences in Vienna and his incipient literary and philosophical interests.

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The section on historicism and Theosophy, for example, seems somewhat out of place, and some of the excurses on topics from Darwinism to modern theater have a digressive effect, even while offering important context. Grappling head-on with a range of anthroposophical shibboleths, the book tries to correct the record on several critical points. In Germany and elsewhere, a number of prominent scholars anthroposopyie with the alternative educational milieu have leveled significant criticisms of Waldorf’s principles and procedures.

Zander emphasizes the crucial influence that belief in a spiritual elite and its cosmic mission had on anthroposophist political engagement, and concludes that esoteric forays into politics are best seen neither as straightforward instances of a counter-Enlightenment tendency nor as shining examples of progress and tolerance, but as politically ambivalent phenomena requiring further research.


This is testimony to the less than ideal conditions under which scholarly ddutschland are produced in Germany today. The schools now number nearly one thousand worldwide and represent the single most successful anthroposophist enterprise. In light of the frequently overheated anthroposophical response to external inquiry, there is undeniable merit in this practice, but in some cases it leads Zander’s conclusions astray.

Email address subscribed successfully. In acknowledgement of that work’s ample archival sources and its effort to mount an earnest investigation on a very sensitive subject, Zander generally defers to Werner’s findings, and does not engage in an anthroposophi analysis of anthroposophy during the Nazi era himself in this sense Zander’s study does not fully live up to the chronological parameters set out in its subtitle.

This article appeared originally in Aries: The book conveys a palpable sense of both the continuities and the alterations that marked anthroposophy during this chaotic period.

The Steiner that emerges from this thoroughly sourced portrait is a dynamic thinker responding to the challenges of his time and place, rather than a harbinger of eternal spiritual truths.

As with other sections of the book, the chapter on Steiner schools presents in microcosm both the strengths and weaknesses of anthroposophy in practice. Many of the characteristic features of Waldorf education, from its emphasis on music, artistic activities and mythology to its down playing of standard academic instruction, have their origins in Steiner’s somewhat ad hoc decisions.

Theosophical Worldview and Social Practice Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. It was not until that Steiner came to embrace Theosophy, a doctrine he had harshly dismissed just a few years before. German historian Helmut Zander’s monumental study of anthroposophy’s early development presents an imposingly thorough examination of the subject and its context, and in the process establishes new standards for comprehensive historical engagement with esotericism.

Zander’s study offers copious material for any reader interested in the history of Western esotericism: English Choose a language for shopping. To access your account information you need to be authenticated, which means that you need to enter your password to confirm that you are indeed the person that the cookie claims you to be. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. Geschichte der Seelenwanderung in Europa: With painstaking precision, Zander examines the remarkable ideological transformations Steiner underwent in the course of the s, from German Idealism to Nietzsche and Stirner to Haeckel and Monism by the turn of the century.


There’s a problem loading this menu right now. Learn more at Author Central. Some esotericists have consequently greeted the impressive expansion of scholarship on Western esotericism in recent decades as confirmation of their own beliefs and practices. These considerations do not, however, detract from the extremely high standards of Zander’s study overall.

Anthroposophie in Deutschland: theosophische Weltanschauung und – Helmut Zander – Google Books

In two volumes spanning pages, Zander provides an invaluable compendium of information on Steiner and his movement, as well as a series of provocative analyses of anthroposophist beliefs and practices. Discerning this discrepancy, however, demands a close reading of anthroposophical periodicals and pamphlets from the era in question. Moreover, a number of anthroposophist rejoinders to Zander appear to helmit what it is that historians of occultism can and cannot impart to broader societal debates on the matter, and some of them even cite Wouter Hanegraaffs salutary principle of methodological agnosticism as an ostensible alternative to Zander’s approach.

For example, at loot. The Anthroposophical Society initially appeared in as a split-off from hellmut Theosophical Society, and has since developed a considerable influence within alternative spiritual circles, the New Age milieu, ecological currents, and a variety of social reform movements. zandder

Zander’s analysis is premised on a generally sympathetic attitude toward Waldorf’s virtues, but offers ample material for its various critics.

Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. At the same time, he drew heavily on the work of Blavatsky and other principal Theosophical thinkers, while adding elements from his own idiosyncratic reception of Rosicrucianism and further strands of European esotericism. From a historical perspective, several of Zander’s interpretations-for the most part on relatively unimportant points-may reflect insufficient scrutiny of the primary sources.

The unexpected outcome of the war and the subsequent collapse of the German and Austrian empires galvanized a re-thinking of anthroposophist priorities and led to a more politicized approach in the post-war years. In an increasingly acrimonious series of mutual recriminations, Steiner broke with the Theosophical Society a decade after joining it, taking most of the German speaking membership with him.

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