Foundations of Christianity is a book by Marxist theoretician Karl Kautsky. In it, he attempts to explain the origins of Christianity, and claims that it can best. Religion is not the motor-force of history but great social changes are expressed in changes in religion. In his book Ludwig Feuerbach and the. Foundations of Christianity. Karl Kautsky. Halaman 2. Content. Author’s Foreword . Book One: The Person Of Jesus. I. The Pagan Sources. II. The Christian.
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Jordan rated it it was amazing Dec 30, Last month I read a similarly titled German book though in translation fromLudwig Feuerbach’s The Essence of Christianitywhich was an influence on the early Marx; this book, by a leading Marxist of the generation after Marx, is a complete contrast in every way, and demonstrates the difference that Marx made, even leaving aside his economic theories and views on revolution and communism, in the way that we view and discuss history and even religion.
Even the fkundations he sees in the early church he traces to the new cultural emphasis on taking care of widows and orphans, because Greco-Roman thought has shifted toward individualism, breaking down community ties Cbristianity mean, what?
Foundations of Christianity : A Study in Christian Origins
And how did this astonishing mental transformation take place? Roman Society in the Imperial Period 1.
Mathias foundatinos it really liked it Oct 05, Books by Karl Kautsky. Although there are certain interpretations that he offers that clash with later scholarship post-Dead Sea Scrolls, post-Nag Hammadioverall it still compares favorably. Dr Peter Kalve rated it christianitt was amazing Jul 26, He counterposed a materialist account of the new religion against the Christian mythology and showed the capacity of the Marxist method to give an account of a complex historical process, interpreting a religious phenomenon in terms of the class struggle.
Paperbackpages. This is one of the best works I have read on early Christianity, although I have a few reservations. The German text was re-translated into English by Henry F. Khaled Elnaser rated it it was amazing Feb 25, The Christian Sources 3. Be the first christtianity ask a question about Foundations of Christianity. The Primitive Christian Congregation 2. Ina translation by Jacob W.
His perspective is unapologetically skewed toward socio-economic critique, specifically communism. The incredible contradictions of the New Testament are partly a result of this reshaping of Jesus. By associating the hostility of the oppressed classes to the rich with proletarian solidarity, the messianism of the Christian communities promised the redemption of the poor, and so it could gain followers beyond the Jewish world.
Foundations of Christianity : Karl Kautsky :
His book The Foundations of Christianity is a rather impressive attempt at a Marxist analysis. Well worth the read. At the same time, he points out, the destruction kautdky Jerusalem and the exile of its population led the diaspora Jews themselves to band together as Jews without regard to class distinctions, resulting in the collapse of the Jewish Christian communities and essentially leaving Christianity as a Hellenistic movement.
Kautsky offers a penetrating class analysis of Roman society and the early Christians viewing the Christians as an early proletarian group, with proletarian values but of course restricted to the level of material and cultural development of their day. The fact that the word occurs in the Sermon on the Mount also is a suggestion of the proletarian origin of Christianity, the expression having probably been current in the circles from which it was drawn, to indicate a full appeasement of bodily hunger.
Blessed are ye that hunger now: Then he combines the two strands to give a materialist description of the history of Judea from the return to the destruction of Jerusalem, and the class relations represented by the four major parties or groupings at the time of Jesus, the Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots and Essenes.
Foundations of Christianity – Wikipedia
Not the best read on the subject quite honestly, unless you’re really into this, it’s actually very boringbut it is a kxutsky accurate condemnation of the practices of the Christian Church over it’s history. This article about a philosophy -related book is a stub. Kaustky made his Foundations of Christianity into Karl Kautsky is probably the first Marxist to interest himself both in the movement and the enigmatic personality of the crucified prophet.
It is a very sweeping look at the life and times of first century Roman society, with a particular focus on the Jewish origins of Christianity. Carolyn rated it it was amazing Jul 14, Indonesia’s Foreign Policy Michael Leifer.
His points are almost numberless, but here are just a few more: I do intend soon to read a more recent half-century rather than century old book on the decline of the Empire, from a similar materialist perspective, Perry Anderson’s Passages from Antiquity to Feudalismwhich has been on cnristianity shelves since the more political days of my youth. Next, Kautsky analyses the structure of Roman society, with particular emphasis on the slave-holding system, the Roman State and the historiography of the period.
Man in od Modern Age Karl Jaspers. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Nothing is more foreign to Marxism than a drawing of straightforward parallels between the present and the distant past. But it becomes ridiculous when applied to the satisfaction of a hunger for justice.