participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No. These changes led to an innovative configuration within the group of full protection conservation unit, in which some direct uses were suggested.
Dias and Pereira describe the change that occurred in the environmental and political perspectives regarding the development and management of Conservation Units since Based on the works by Max Weber, Leff shows possible ways to analyze environmental issues and indicates the concept of rationality as being of great value to it.
Factsheet: SNUC | S2BIOM
The RVS category is a conservation unit in 99985 full protection group, i. Faced with the difficulties in managing CUs of a very complex, unknown and rare category, environmental analysts assigned to federal RVS started, ina movement to discuss the standards and guidelines for the management of this ldi. This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management.
Also according to Medeirosthe Republican Constitution attributes to natural resources the status of national heritage to be preserved, and it definitely includes the management of protected areas in the Brazilian political agenda. As for the RVS category proposal, the subtle and main change it was subjected to was the focus on protection.
Socio-environmentalism is understood as a perspective that considers social inclusion in the management of protected areas; it comprises Social Ecology, Political Ecology and Environmental Justice, pei it advocates for lel paradigm shift in the environmental knowledge and in the policies directed to the area, by valuing the local communities’ culture, participation and self-determination Menezes and Siena,p.
Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly relate the category function to wildlife protection. Efforts to diagnose the productive rationality of landowners inserted in RVS as well as to properly manage – through the expropriations provided by law – the lands where this rationality is not compatible with the CU may constitute the first steps towards the RVS effectiveness.
Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests.
According to Medeiros, Irving snhc Garaythe s were particularly relevant to the management of protected areas. The first stage of the Brazilian National Conservation Unit System Plan proves that inspiration, since the plan states that the goal of the Wildlife Sanctuary or Refuge is to ensure the survival of species or populations of migratory or resident fauna, endemic and unique biotopes, with regional, national or global significance.
Sustainism is based on concepts such as eco-efficiency, ecological modernization and green economy and it values the positive relationship between economic development and environmental preservation. The goal of protecting natural ldi as well as their attributes serves the current and future generations. However, the exception leo limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards.
In a world of complex social and environmental societies, the ways of understanding the changes must evolve accordingly. However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in On the other hand, the documentary research focused on lel bills, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation in order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category.
Thus, the difficulty to accept and live with constraints and determinations based on intangible needs, which are often specially geared to the common good and contrary to the hegemonic rationality, is somewhat understandable. According to Rodriguesthe Wildlife Refuge category was inspired by the American National Wildlife Refuges, which purpose is to preserve the wildlife resources in the country by focusing on endangered species, and it also provides recreation and environmental education.
By making a more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research.
Innovations for conservation and development. Thus, the category concept used to create Wildlife Refuges at federal level distanced itself from the goals or aspirations related to its origin in the SNUC process development. The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of sjuc National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a mega-diverse country of continental proportions such as Brazil.
Protected areas are thus defined by some legal mechanism. However, the current research proposes a reflection on the possibility of looking to other directions by focusing not only on dualistic antagonisms, but also on complementarity terms without conflict denial LIMA,since, according to Leffp. Acesso em 23 jun. Some hypotheses can be raised to explain this limitation: As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates.
It is worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC.
However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice.
According to Medeiros snnuc, p. The authors highlight 99985 no one paid attention to the interests of traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental actions by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s.
,ei Another innovation from Feldmann’s clean bill in the present case is also extremely relevant for the RVS category analysis.
According to Britoit was an important step for the legal establishment of Conservation Units with human presence. These practices invariably reduce the increasing gain expectations of the owners. Salvador, ano VI, n.
It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in According to the bill and shuc Feldmann’s clean bill, protection referred to the “conditions for the existence and reproduction of species or communities”. Despite the concept change that may be occurring, the RVS management barriers remain, xnuc they are often caused by the preservationist trend predominance even at higher ICMBio levels.
However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. These activities could exist in Sustainable Use CUs, but only in specific situations. It was repealed by Decree No.
Thus, preservationism and conservationism began to share space.
In addition, one of the opinions reflects the impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation.